The United States has prosecuted more people living with HIV for sexual and non-sexual exposure or transmission than any other country in the world. A total of 39 states have prosecuted at least 442 HIV-positive individuals (likely to be an underestimation, see below) for criminal HIV exposure or transmission, but only 24 states have HIV-specific criminal laws. (Details of each state’s laws can be found on Lambda Legal’s website at See State Criminal Statutes on HIV Exposure.)

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